Children who are depressed have difﬁculty concentrating on an activity or completing their work. They may have difﬁculty relating to other children and to teacher or educators. Their learning suffers and there may be long-term effects on their school achievement unless they receive professional support promptly.
How staff and educators can help
Staff and educators can notice signs of depression by observing changes in children’s behaviour and mood. They can address any service or school-based triggers that may be impacting on children’s mental health and wellbeing. Peer group difﬁculties, especially bullying, are common triggers for children’s depression.
Connect with parents and carers
It is important to share information obtained through observation and to find out whether the child’s mood is similar at home. When mood and behaviour changes are evident in more than one setting it usually indicates that the problems are more severe.
Refer to external support, or talk with the school psychologist or counsellor about your concerns
It is important to share information obtained through observation and to ﬁnd out whether the child’s mood is similar at home. When mood and behaviour changes are evident in more than one setting (eg home and school or early learning service) it usually indicates that the child’s mental health difﬁculties are more serious.
Give positive feedback
This is important for all children. It is even more important when children are depressed, as they may have a tendency to screen out positives and tune into negative feedback about themselves which can maintain their low mood.
Provide opportunities for success
Let children know you have conﬁdence in their ability and support them to succeed socially and academically.
Encourage getting involved
Children with depression may lack their usual level of energy and complain of being bored. Provide praise and encouragement for their efforts. Try to engage them in physical activity and pleasant events.
Model positive actions
Label experiences to encourage interactions that promote positivity. For example: “That was fun”, “I liked Jack’s joke. It made me smile”, “I like stories with happy endings. They make me feel happy too.”
Foster positive social relationships
Children who are depressed often withdraw from social contact. However, friends can be important supports. You may need to remind others about how to help everyone feel they belong.
Teach problem solving skills
These can help children who are depressed to generate a range of possible effective solutions.
Provide extra learning support
School staff may be able to help the child to catch up once the depression has started to lift. This is important as falling behind in school work can be a source of stress that may aggravate depression.