Suggestions for early childhood educators
- Become aware of how to address common risk factors and promote protective factors in early childhood.
- Help children feel connected with your service by taking an interest in their wellbeing, and by relating to them in ways that are consistently respectful and caring.
- Listen to the concerns of children, parents and carers without judgement and help them think through their problems. Show empathy when parents and carers talk about things affecting them and their children.
- Provide a positive and supportive environment to aid the development of children’s skills, like managing emotions; relating to others; solving problems and managing conflict; and focusing on their strengths.
- Build partnerships with parents and carers to provide effective support for children by being open to support children’s developmental and mental health needs.
- Observe and note children’s behaviour to identify any concerns about their mental health and wellbeing.
- Help families who are experiencing difficulties by providing them with support, relevant information or details of health professionals.
- Provide help for families early to prevent or reduce the impact of children’s mental health difficulties. When significant concerns are identified, provide support and suggestions for families to seek support from health professionals.
How school staff can help
A sense of belonging to school is an important protective factor for children’s mental health and wellbeing. It helps to reduce the impacts of risks that children may be exposed to. School staff can help children gain a sense of belonging to school by taking an interest in their wellbeing, and by relating to them in ways that are consistently respectful and caring. This can provide children with a sense of stability and security through periods of stress and challenge. School staff can also help families who are experiencing difﬁculties by providing them with support and relevant information.
Develop supportive and caring relationships with children
Get to know the children in your class and take an interest in their lives. Show you respect and care for your students by listening to their concerns non-judgementally and helping them think through problems. Respect their privacy when they share concerns with you.
Provide safety and stability
When children are experiencing disruptions to their home life, a stable and nurturing environment at school can provide a sense of reassurance and safety. A reliable daily routine and a welcoming environment can provide children with dependability and a chance to relax and be themselves. It is also important for school staff to be aware of mental health risk factors associated with school settings and to take steps to address safety issues such as bullying.
Support children’s social and emotional development
Teaching children social and emotional skills helps them learn about managing emotions, relating to others, solving problems and managing conﬂict. A number of curriculum-based social and emotional learning programs are available for use in the classroom. Many of these have been reviewed in the KidsMatter Primary Programs Guide. The guide also includes information about targeted co-curricular programs designed to assist children who may be facing difﬁculties associated with grief and loss, family breakdown, parental mental illness, and more.
Build relationships with parents and carers
Working together with parents and carers enables school staff to provide more effective support for children who have difﬁculties. However, it is not always easy for parents and carers to approach school staff, especially if they are going through difﬁculties themselves. Listening, respectfully and with empathy, when parents and carers talk about the things affecting them and their children can be very supportive in itself. You may also be able, where appropriate, to provide information about services that can assist them. Being open, empathic and non-judgemental is very important for establishing trust and building a cooperative approach to meeting children’s developmental, mental health and wellbeing needs.
Monitor children’s mental health and wellbeing
Getting help early is important for preventing mental health difﬁculties and reducing their impact. School staff can assist by observing children’s behaviour and identifying when they have concerns about the wellbeing of children in their care. As much as possible, this kind of monitoring should involve school staff working together with parents and carers in supporting the child. When signiﬁcant concerns about a particular child are identiﬁed, the support and advice of the school welfare team, school psychologist or school counsellor should be sought.
For more, please refer to the KidsMatter Primary information sheets on recognising and getting help for children with mental health difﬁculties.