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Overview

Delivered To: 

  • Parents/Carers

Components: 

  • Component 3 : Working with parents and carers

Issues: 

  • Parenting education

Special Student Group: 

  • Culturally/Linguistically diverse

Overview: 

Target group:
Selected Triple P (Level 2) All parents interested in parenting education and information about promoting their child’s development, or with specific concerns about their child’s development or behaviour.

Designed for, or demonstrated applicability to, special groups:
Various Triple P
intervention levels and delivery modalities have been evaluated with culturally and ethnically diverse populations such as immigrant and refugee families (simplified English resources), international trials (translated resources) and Indigenous families (Indigenous Triple P). The Selected Triple P seminar series utilises principles and techniques of positive parenting that are applicable to a wide variety of parents and children from diverse socio-economic, cultural and ethnic backgrounds.

Aims: 

Triple P is a multilevel, evidence-based parenting and family support strategy designed to prevent behavioural, emotional and developmental problems in children (or halt their progression and reduce their severity) and provide support for parents and families. The Triple P system aims to help parents develop a safe, nurturing environment and promote positive, caring relationships with their children, and to develop effective, non-violent strategies for promoting children’s development and dealing with common childhood behaviour problems and developmental issues.

This level of intervention is designed as a health promotion strategy and an early intervention strategy for the management of discrete child problem behaviours that are not complicated by other major behaviour management difficulties or family dysfunction. The emphasis is on positive parenting principles, promoting children’s development and the management of specific child behaviour concerns rather than on developing a broad range of child management skills.

Implementation/Delivery

Details: 

Selected Triple P
The delivery of information in a series of brief one-off seminars to large groups of parents is becoming increasingly popular as a prevention/early intervention strategy within the Triple P System. These seminars arose from a need to have a less intensive form of group parent training than was provided by the Group Triple P format.

Selected Triple P as a group program is comprised of three introductory seminars designed for all interested parents. The program is particularly useful as a universal transition program for parents enrolling their children in childcare, kindergarten, preschool or school, although it can also be used as a booster program or refresher course for parents who have completed a higher level of intervention such as Group Triple P. It can also involve a brief (one to two-session) intervention providing early anticipatory developmental guidance to parents of children with mild behaviour difficulties or developmental issues.

The seminar series was designed as a flexible parent education resource that could serve a number of purposes. These include:

  • To provide an introductory orientation session to parents and professionals that would provide a brief overview of the key concepts and strategies used in the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program
  • As part of an engagement strategy, to encourage those parents who might benefit from participation in a more intensive group or individual Triple P intervention
  • To provide a refresher or ‘booster’ session for parents who have already completed another level of intervention

Seminar 1, The Power of Positive Parenting, provides the building blocks for the program as it introduces parents to the five core principles of positive parenting-ensuring a safe, engaging environment for children, creating a positive learning environment, using assertive discipline, having realistic expectations, and taking care of yourself as a parent.

Seminar 2, Raising Confident, Competent Children, builds on the foundation seminar and shows parents how they can use positive parenting principles to teach children important values and skills, including encouraging respect, cooperation, getting on with others, learning to be independent, to develop healthy self-esteem and to become good problem solvers. These competencies enable children to do well both at school and beyond.

Seminar 3, Raising Resilient Children, focuses on helping children learn emotion regulation skills. Parents are often uncertain about how to respond to children’s expression of emotion in ways that help children learn to manage their feelings. This seminar deals with how to help children recognise and accept feelings, express their feeling appropriately, build positive feelings, deal with negative feelings, develop coping skills, and deal with upsetting or stressful life events.

Program Structure / Methods of Delivery: 

Selected Triple P
There are three Triple P seminars for group intervention at this level: The Power of Positive Parenting; Raising Confident, Competent Children; and Raising Resilient Children. Each seminar can be taken as a stand-alone session or as part of an integrated series. These seminars are 90-minute presentations involving 60 minutes of presentation and 30 minutes question time for discussion. Each seminar has a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation as a teaching aid, and an accompanying parent tip sheet that can be used as a take home resource for parents to reinforce their learning from the seminar presentations.

An alternative or adjunct intervention format at this level is a brief individual consultation process (i.e. up to 20 minutes) where parents are introduced to a parenting tip sheet or a parenting plan for a specific parenting concern or child behavioural, emotional or developmental issue. These consultations may be offered routinely or as a follow-up to the seminar series for parents expressing specific concerns.

Staff professional learning (PL):
Selected Triple P
(1 day training + ½ day accreditation – following completion of Group Triple P training)
This level of training is relevant to practitioners who have the opportunity to conduct community seminars designed to introduce positive parenting principles and building blocks for raising confident and resilient children as part of providing prevention/early intervention services. This course is recommended for nurses, teachers, childcare management, social workers, psychologists, and allied health professionals who are experienced in the delivery of group programs. Participants registering for this course need to first complete Group Triple P training.

Cost: 

Triple P resources include standardised training materials, practitioner manuals and audiovisual aids (e.g., video/DVDs, flip charts, wall charts and Microsoft PowerPoint presentations) and parent resources (e.g. workbooks and tip sheets) to ensure that the program is standardised, easy to follow, accessible, and culturally sensitive. For information regarding the cost of the various Triple P resources, see http://www.triplep.net.

Program Specific Audience: 

KMP

No. of Sessions: 

3

Professional Learning: 

  • Restricted Professional Learning Available

Professional Learning Compulsory: 

Yes

Formal Parent/Carer Component Provided: 

No
Evidence of Effectiveness

Evidence of Effectiveness Rating: 

1

Evidence of Effectiveness Description: 

(According to criteria developed by CASEL for rating program effectiveness.) A single study documents positive behavioural outcomes at post-test.

Identified Theoretical Framework: 

Yes

Identified Theoretical Framework Description: 

The Triple P system of parenting and family support involves a behavioural family intervention approach that aims to promote social competence and prevent severe behavioural and emotional disturbances in children. The system draws on social learning models that highlight the reciprocal nature of parent-child interactions, and incorporates many successful behaviour change techniques identified through research in child and family behaviour therapy. In its population approach, the Triple P model also draws on public health research on changing health risk behaviours that has been applied within a mental health framework.

The Triple P system is based on the principle of sufficiency. For parents concerned about their parenting skills or child’s behaviour, there are differences in the severity of problems experienced, breadth of knowledge, motivation, access to support and additional family stresses (e.g., substance abuse, financial difficulties). The Triple P model assumes that any one family intervention program is unlikely to cater for the requirements of all parents, therefore differing levels of support are offered. Consequently, Triple P allows the strength of the intervention to be tailored to the assessed needs and preferences of individual families.

The program is based on self-regulation. The goals are for children to develop emotional self-regulation and for parents to become resourceful, independent problem-solvers. As families determine their own particular goals, the program is tailored to suit their aspirations. Practitioners consult and guide through active skills training. Parents decide what they wish to take on.

Survey/Audit Tools Available: 

No

References: 

Sanders, M.R., Ralph, A., Sofronoff, K., Gardiner, P., Tompson, R., Dwyer, S., & Bidwell, K. (2008). Every family: A population approach to reducing behavioural and emotional problems in children making the transition to school. Journal of Primary Prevention, 29, 197-222.

Sanders, M. R., Ralph, A., Thompson, R., Sofronoff, K., Gardiner, P., Bidwell, K., et al. (2005). Every Family: A public health approach to promoting children’s wellbeing. Brisbane, Australia: The University of Queensland.

Sanders, M. R., Turner, K. M. T., & Markie-Dadds, C. (2002). The development and dissemination of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program: A multi-level, evidence-based system of parenting and family support. Prevention Science, 31, 173-198.

Author(s)/Contacts

Author(s): 

Matthew R. Sanders and Karen M.T. Turner

About the Author(s): 

Matthew R. Sanders PhD is a Professor of Clinical Psychology and Director of the Parenting and Family Support Centre at The University of Queensland. Over the past 25 years Matt has gained an international reputation for his scientific research into childhood behaviour problems and family interaction. He has written numerous books and scientific articles on parenting, family psychology and prevention of psychopathology in children and adolescents. He is the author of the popular parenting book, Every Parent: A Positive Approach to Children’s Behaviour. He is past National President of the Australian Association of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, and has received a distinguished career award from this association. He is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Experimental Criminology. He is an experienced media broadcaster and a spokesperson for the Australian Psychological Society on child and family matters.

Karen Turner PhD is Deputy Director of the Parenting and Family Support Centre. She is a clinical psychologist and research academic and has had a major role in the development of Triple P resources and materials for practitioners and parents. Her work has involved consultancy projects for state and federal government departments. She has extensive clinical and research experience relating to the prevention and treatment of a variety of childhood behavioural and emotional problems, including work with Indigenous populations, feeding disorders, pain syndromes and conduct problems. Her research has also focused on the development and evaluation of brief primary care interventions and the subsequent dissemination of these interventions to the professional community.

Contact Information: 

Triple P International
PO Box 1300
Milton, QLD. 4064
Phone: (07) 3236 1212
Fax: (07) 3236 1211
Email: info@triplep.net
Website: http://www.triplep.net

Website: 

http://www.triplep-parenting.net.au/au-uken/get-started/triple-p-courses-for-parents-of-children-birth-12-years/